Ankle Fractures

Ankle fractures can range from avulsion injuries to severe breaks of the fibula, tibia, or both. Since no two ankle fractures are the same, each and every ankle fracture should be treated individually.

Ankle Sprains

If you think you have an ankle sprain, you are not alone; annually, approximately one million individuals visit a physician about injury to the ankle. And ankle sprains are frequently the reason. The most common location of sprains is the foot. Sprains often occur when you force the joint out of its normal position, when […]


There are three types of arthritis that may affect your ankle or foot. These include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and post-traumatic arthritis. Fortunately several treatment options are available.

Athlete’s Foot

Although athlete’s foot may look like a rash or even an allergic reaction, it’s actually an infection of the feet caused by fungus. Because athlete’s foot could be mistaken for other conditions, it’s important to know all the possible signs and symptoms of this particular type of fungal infection. The most common symptoms of athlete’s […]


Calluses develop when the skin tries to protect itself against pressure and friction. If you are diabetic or have a condition that causes poor circulation to your feet, you are at greater risk of complications arising from calluses.

Claw Toes

Our toes can bend and flex impressively well and with a high degree of sensitivity. Some people are even talented enough to grab objects or take up a pen with their feet! When our digits remain bent, however, that usefulness turns into a strange-looking and often painful condition. Claw toes often look like their name […]


These are common. Known to medical professionals as ‘helomas’, foot corns form due to unwelcome skin friction and pressure at the foot or toes. Corns are a normal way for the body to defend itself against sustained pressure and irritation on the skin. If left untreated corns can potentially become painful.


Cysts are fluid-filled masses under the skin. Common cysts of the feet include synovial cysts, ganglia, and cutaneous mucoid cysts. Ganglion cysts are easily diagnosed, as they are visible and pliable to touch. Surgical treatments remain the primary option, other than doing nothing at all, for the treatment of ganglion cysts. Ganglion cysts have been […]


Gout is a medical condition that results from the build-up of uric acid in the joint or tissues. The body may have abnormally high levels of uric acid due to several reasons. One possibility is that the body is creating too much of this substance. It’s also possible that your body is just not getting […]

Hammer Toes

Hammer toe is the bending of one or both joints of the toe, which results in a deformity that makes a toe have a shape similar to that of a hammer. Although second, third, fourth, or fifth (small) toe can be a hammer toe, the 2nd toe is frequently the one that’s affected. Hammertoe may […]