Archive for "July, 2017"


These are common. Known to medical professionals as ‘helomas’, foot corns form due to unwelcome skin friction and pressure at the foot or toes. Corns are a normal way for the body to defend itself against sustained pressure and irritation on the skin. If left untreated corns can potentially become painful.


Cysts are fluid-filled masses under the skin. Common cysts of the feet include synovial cysts, ganglia, and cutaneous mucoid cysts. Ganglion cysts are easily diagnosed, as they are visible and pliable to touch. Surgical treatments remain the primary option, other than doing nothing at all, for the treatment of ganglion cysts. Ganglion cysts have been […]


Gout is a medical condition that results from the build-up of uric acid in the joint or tissues. The body may have abnormally high levels of uric acid due to several reasons. One possibility is that the body is creating too much of this substance. It’s also possible that your body is just not getting […]

Hammer Toes

Hammer toe is the bending of one or both joints of the toe, which results in a deformity that makes a toe have a shape similar to that of a hammer. Although second, third, fourth, or fifth (small) toe can be a hammer toe, the 2nd toe is frequently the one that’s affected. Hammertoe may […]

Heel Spurs

Frequently associated with plantar fasciitis, a heel spur is a bony protrusion that may develop on the heel bone. This is also a point of attachment for plantar fascia. Without treatment heel spur can become very painful and debilitating. First key step for the proper treatment of the heel spur is determination of the cause […]

Ingrown Toenails

This problem occurs when the edge of the nail grows down and into the skin at the tip of the toe. You should see a medical professional right away if you have an infection around the nail, diabetes, nerve damage in the leg or foot, or poor blood circulation to your foot. Do not treat […]

Morton’s Neuroma

Morton’s neuroma is caused by the tissue thickening around a nerve that leads to the toes. This typically happens in the area between your third and fourth toes. Morton’s neuroma can occur in response to irritation, injury or pressure. This condition affects the ball of the foot and can be accompanied by burning pain or […]

Nerve Entrapment in Feet

Nerve entrapment can be caused by repeated microtrauma or acute trauma. Repetitive microtrauma can result from poorly fitted shoes, foot deformities, or sports-related activity. Compression from scar tissue or other tissue growth exert pressure on the nerve and result in injury to the nerve.

Plantar Warts

Warts are the most common viral infection of the skin. Plantar warts, clinically known as veruccae plantaris, grow on the plantar surface, or the sole, of the foot.They can be found anywhere on the sole, but tend be more common in areas of pressure and friction. Examples of Plantar Warts The virus that causes warts, […]

Causes of Heel Pain

There are a number of conditions that can contribute to heel pain, including plantar fasciitis, inflamed adventitious bursa, heel spurs, “pump bumps,” stress fractures and nerve entrapment. At California Foot and Ankle Institute we treat these issues with an individualized treatment plan and have advanced technology, such as Extra-Corporeal Shockwave Therapy, when needed to help […]